By Aaron yancho kaah in Addis Ababa
In December 2015, Paris will host the 21st conference of parties, the biggest UN sponsored international event to be hosted by that country for decades. (195 countries and 40.000delegates) . The French government has already unveiled the conference logo which was enugurated by the french foreign minister Laurent Fabius a month ago in Paris.
Six years after the UN talks failed to yeild any friuts in Copenhagen, the Paris summit is expeted to strike a workable deal that will start from 2020 to 2035 under the new climate policy agreement. The French authourities are now drumming up support for a globally, universally and ambitious agreement which will reduce or maintain the 2°C.
Speaking in Addis-Ababa on the forum: Road to Paris' What kind of Agreement do we Need?. The French minister for state in charge of development and the francophony Ms. Annick Girardin said any temperature rise to above 2°C could lead to uncontrollable climate changes. The French diplomat explained that the -climate was a major geopolitical issue very much attched to peace and security as well as justice , equity and development. Ms.Annick averred that development andclimate changes were major development issues for countries of the south. "The poorest countries are the most affected"..she said. The diplomat went further to quote the IPCC report that profiled how Ethiopia was threaten by floods and rising temperatures that hampered the coffe production sector as a result of the proliferation of parasites. "These impacts were a danger to humanity". She intimidated. Ms Annick received standing ovations when she said. 'We the rich have poluted to develop..We as Africa have the right to do same'.she lamented that if the poor countries developed using the same models as the rich, the world would fine it extremely hard to combat the effects of the climate changes. "Please we must seek alternative development models" .she said. The French lady called for a proper utilization of natural resources mangement projects so as to prevent emmissions and diseases across the African continent.
The ETHIOPIAN MODEL
The french diplomat applauded the Ethiopian govt or its pro-active projects aimed at dealing with the climate changes. After visiting these projdcts the French lady thought it wise to lebel these projects as the most ambitious on the continent that led to contineous economic growth without increasing emissions. Over the years the Ethiopians govt had also developed renewable energy resources considered the largest wind farms and the a good fight against deforestation according to Annick . "This is a sign of an Africa that is getting mobilized"..she continued. The climate change programs of the Horn of Africa Regional Environment center and Network had also increased the adptive capacity of most vulnerable communities in Ethiopia to the shocks of the climate changes and to mitigate its impacts.By promoting sustainable and participatory interventions and in investing in research the initiative improved livelihoods and food security across Ethiopia and has enhanced environmental conservation according to Dr- Araya Asfaw executive director of the Horn of Africa Regional Environment Center & Network.
THE ISSUE AT STAKES IN 2015 PARIS SUMMIT.
The French diplomat echoed that the erreurs of Copenhagen were to be avoided if the paris summit was any thing to ride homeabout. She said a new legal binding document was in prospect to replace the Kyoto protocol in a bid to make things work for all the parties involve. She went further to under line committments from all the countries as a must demand and a reasonable financial package forthe poor countries to aid them adapt in the new development models and projects. Ms. Annick told the participants lound and clear that concrete committments from within the none state actors like the NGO's and the Civil society Organizations was a spice to stir the Paris summit to greater momentum.
However acknowledging that the Road toParis had so many stages , the French lady stated that the positionof the French govt and its people was clear. "Each and every one of you should take this raod...at each cross raod we should make the right choices" .she concluded.
Nonetheless securing a common standing position between the 195 countries will be not piece of cake to swallow come December 2015. The conflict of interest has been and will be and china for example will be no easy task to lobby. On the heels of all of these never ending trouble climate talks, France must read the signs of the time to save the credibility of thr UN by lobbying member states to find lasting solutions to these crisis and to bestowing some pride on its name as a country with a strong environmental track record in the eyes of the international community.